The National Soccer Coaches Association of America (NSCAA) offers two levels of coaching licenses offered by the organization. Information regarding course offerings can be found at: http://www.nscaa.com
The first level, Non-Residential Programs, has two diplomas - State diploma and Regional diploma. The breakdown:
These courses are offered by the state associations which are affiliated with USYSA. To find the office of your state association, go to: http://soccertimes.com/directory/usysa.htm.
These courses have replaced the G and F courses.These courses are designed to be age specific and are the initial training courses offered to a new or just getting started parent/coach. This is primarily a classroom course.
This module is critical to ensure a positive and developmentally appropriate soccer experience for players of this age. This course addresses this by providing the most current and advanced information on the cognitive, psycho-motor and social development of the adolescent player.
This course takes a Games and Activities approach to teaching and learning. The coach serves as a facilitator creating a fun learning environment of games and activities.
This course focuses on the development of the player as an individual and also as part of a team. This development takes a player from being technically oriented to refining those techniques and applying them to game situations.
This course has both classroom and field sessions where the coach is taught the proper techniques of soccer, the progression for teaching technique, how to recognize and correct technical breakdown, the principle of attack and defense, care and prevention of injuries and team management.
Some testing may occur and be used as a learning experience.
The curriculum focus is to provide a framework and understanding of practical coaching tools to improve the player's technique and to expand the tactical awareness of the players function within the team, by improving the coaches ability to create game like situations in practice that challenge and improve the individual and the team.
The successful candidate should be able to devise a training session to develop and correct technique through proper teaching progression, have an understanding of the principles of attack and defense and be able to identify technical and tacticalbreakdowns within the course of play and set training sessions to correct them.
Testing covers the area of methods, tactics, laws, team management and practical coaching. The candidate is required to plan and conduct a training session in the practical environment.
This course is designed for coaches who are working with U12 to U14 teams.
National "A", "B" and "C" courses consist of five days of instruction and two days of extensive oral, written and practical examinations. The "A" license is valid for a period of four (4) years. "A" licensed coaches must participate in the USSF license maintenance program in order to keep their license current. The "B" and "C" licenses are non-expiring licenses. Coaches with expired "A" licenses must re-take the "A" course and pass the examinations in order to be awarded the "A" license.
The National Youth License course consists of four days of classroom and field instruction and one day of written and practical examinations. The instruction for the course is age-specific. Each day of the course is devoted to the physical, psychological and social characteristics displayed by children of a specific age, i.e. Under-6, Under-8, Under-10 and Under-12. Must have an E license, unless waiver granted.
Applicants for a C license must be at least 18 years of age, and have held a National "D" license for a minimum of 12 months. "D" license certification may be waived for highly-experienced coaches and players.
Applicants for a B license must be at least 18 years of age and "C" license held for a minimum of 12 months, unless granted a waiver due to coaching/playing experience or comparable licensing by another country.
Applicants for an A license must be 21 years of age, and have held a "B" license certification for a minimum of one year. Absolutely no waivers will be considered for entrance into the course, per the USYSA.
The AYSO site lists summaries of coaching courses, as well as links/directories to affiliates. Their URL is http://soccer.org/. Course offerings include:
|U-6 Coaching Course|
|Target||All first-time U-6 coaches|
|Materials||A combination of personal orientation and the U-6 manual|
|Target||All first-time U-8 coaches and all U-6 coaches who have moved into the U-8 program|
|Materials||A combination of personal orientation and the U-8 manual|
|U-10 Coaching Course|
|Target||All first-time U-10 coaches and all U-8 coaches who have moved into the U-10 program|
|Materials||A combination of personal orientation and the U-10 manual|
|Youth Coaching Course|
|Target||All first-time U-12 coaches and all U-10 coaches who have moved into the U-12 program|
|Materials||A combination of personal orientation and the Youth Course Manual|
|Intermediate Coaching Course|
|Target||Youth Coaching Course Graduates|
|Materials||A combination of personal orientation and the Intermediate Course Manual|
|Advanced Coaching Course|
|Target||Intermediate Coaching Course Graduates|
|Materials||A combination of personal orientation and the Advanced Course Manual|
|National Coaching Course|
|Target||Advanced Coaching Course Graduates|
To become a Certified Youth Leader (Football) you need to complete 3 courses.
There are also more advanced courses:
Scotland offers a number of coaching courses. For more information about course offerings, check the URL of the Scottish Football Association at: http://www.scottishfa.co.uk.
|Practical||specialist training, styles of play, squad training, tactical games, teaching practice.|
|Theoretical||altitude training, performance psychology, rest and regeneration, media relations, tournament planning, the doctor and the coach, the law and the coach, business management, mental training, European youth development, refereeing issues.|
|Assessment||interview, log book, study report, coaching in the game, match analysis.|
|SFA A(advanced) Licence Diploma|
|Entry requirements||A (introductory) certificate|
|Practical||goalkeeping specialism, creative techniques, shaping a team, teaching practice.|
|Theoretical||planning the season, styles of play, psychological preparation, communication skills, the physiotherapist and the coach.|
|Assessment||coaching in the game(11v11), defence, midfield and attack, team talk.|
|SFA A (introductory) Intermediate Certificate|
|Entry requirements||B Licence Diploma|
|Practical||developing speed, testing and assessment, rotational exercises, teaching practice.|
|Theoretical||refereeing issues, testing and assessment, match analysis, motivation, senior team management.|
|Assessment||written paper, interview, log book, coaching in the game(11v11).|
|SFA B Licence Diploma|
|Entry requirements||C,D,E and G Certificates|
|Practical||group skills, zone games, set plays, endurance and strength, small sided games, teaching practice.|
|Theoretical||aerobic and anaerobic training, youth development, prevention of injuries, the referee and the coach, diet and nutrition, match analysis, people with disabilities.|
|Assessment||practical themes, coaching in the game(11v11), laws, log book.|
|SFA C (club coach) Certificate|
|Practical||technique and skill development, passing, finishing, dribbling, control, possession, speed and flexibility, small sided games, defending, attacking.|
|Theoretical||the coaching process module, laws of the game module.|
|Assessment||practice assessments, group skills.|
|SFA D (development) Certificate|
|Practical||warm ups, calm downs, technique work in pairs and groups, synchronised skills, speed and perception.|
|Theoretical||youth team management module, physical preparation module.|
|SFA E (early touches) Certificate|
|Practical||individual activities, movement and balance, work in pairs and groups, relays, fun games, small sided games.|
|Theoretical||working with children miodule, first aid module.|
|SFA G (goalkeeping) Certificate|
|Practical||warm ups, handling, shape, mobility, positioning, catching, distribution.|
|Theoretical||working with children miodule, first aid module.|
|SFA G (goalkeeping) Licence Diploma|
|Practical||game appreciation, circuit training, speed, stamina, power.|
|Theoretical||laws re. goalkeeping, physical preparation, diet and nutrition.|
|Assessment||practical goalkeeping themes, worksheets.|
|SVQ Level 2 Coaching (Scottish Vocational Qualification)|
|Practical||as per C,D,E and G certificates.|
|Theoretical||as per C,D,E and G certificates, diet and nutrition, administration and media studies.|
|Assessment||training session, worksheets, log book, interview.|
Spain has a three-year program for training soccer coaches, which is offered through the Escuela Nacional de Entrenadores (National School of Coaches), in coordination with Federacion Española de Fútbol (Spanish Soccer Federation). After the first year, the coach is certified to coach players under 18. After the second year, the coach is certified to coach at regional category. After the third year, the coach is certified to coach at the professional level. The coaching school can be contacted at:Federacion EspaŅola de Ftbol
In Spain, the coaches who tend to obtain coaching licenses mostly are those who work with professional or semi-pro teams/clubs. Many professional clubs run schools for younger children (age 10+) as a part of their programs, and those programs often will send these coaches through this training (although this varies from club to club).
England offers a variety of training courses for coaches. For more information, see the website of the FA Coaches Association (FACA) is located at: http://www.coach-soccer.livjm.ac.uk.
Membership of the FACA is necessary for licenses to remain valid; with the additional requirement that all members undergo a minimum of 24 hours of continuing professional development over a three year period.
For Managers and Coaches of Club Teams aged 7-16 years of age, as well as prospective candidates for the FA Coaching Certificate, Youth Leaders and prospective Youth Leaders, Colleges of FE students, and CCPR CSLA students (Minimum age - 16 years).
The course addressed common problems in team management, as well as providing information on developing fitness; understanding normal physical development; adaptation of training to normal development curves; first-aid and risk management; benefits of mini-soccer for new players; games and drills to teach soccer skills to youth players.
Candidates (minimum 17 years of age) who have had some experience of regular football participation - at any level - and wish to become more committed to coaching football particularly to players from 7 to 14 years of age. In the course, candidates are taught to coach the basic skills and techniques, and shown how to teach the principles of attack and defence through the use of practices and small sided games. They also are introduced to the elements involved in the coaching process, as well as taught to plan, conduct and evaluate a series of sessions in a systematic and progressive manner. Finally, they are taught team management skills, including first-aid and risk management. Initial course of training 50 contact hours; Final training and assessment 10 contact hours.
This course is offered to those who have the FA Coaching Certificate, or those with the FA Preliminary Coaching Award who, by the end of this course of Training and Assessment, have successfully undertaken an emergency Aid Course (Equivalent); satisfactory completed the worksheets from the FA Coaching Certificate; satisfactorily completed the requirements of the recorded coaching in the Log Book for the FA Coaching Certificate.
The course teaches coaches how to train players in advanced individual techniques, group skills, principles of players; develop a deeper understanding of the coaching process, and the particular needs of teenagers and young; and learn to plan and prepare coaching sessions in relation to a match programme (including evaluation, correction and adjustments needed). Finally, the course focuses on team management and risk management issues.
The Initial Course of training is 46 contact hours. Final training Assessment is 14 contact hours.
Small sided football will become mandatory for all children at all levels up to and including Year 5 (under 10's). This will encourage a four year structure of mini soccer from the under 7 age range and provide a more enjoyable and lasting introduction to football for the hundreds and thousands of youngsters involved.
The FACA believes that mini-Soccer provides a number of benefits to younger players, including: More touches of the ball, more participation, more enjoyment; Fewer players on the pitch, simpler decisions, better understanding; Smaller pitches,greater concentration, more interest; More individual success, more children playing, sustained participation levels beyond 10 years old.
The program is structured on five levels and presents coaches with the Theoretical, Technical and Practical aspects of coaching. Theory courses are sponsored by the Provincial governments across the country and relate detailed information on such topics as leadership, motivation, training and teaching methods, etc., common to coaches in all sports. The Technical courses are offered by the National/Provincial Sport Associations and present the specific skills, drills and tactics of a particular sport in a progressive, logical sequence. The Practical component of the program consists of actual on-the-field coaching where the principles learned in Theory and Technical are practically applied by coaches working with their athletes. When a coach completes all three components of a level, that coach becomes formally certified.
The National Coaching Certification Program forms the basis of the CSA's Coaching Program.
|Level Three||C Licence|
|Level Four||B Licence Program|
|Level Five||A Licence Program|
In order to provide coaches with specific and relevant technical/tactical information based on the physiological and psychological growth and development patterns of players, the Technical component has been divided into three streams:
|Children's Soccer:||for coaches of players 6-10 years old|
|Youth Soccer:||for coaches of players 11-16 years old|
|Senior Soccer:||for coaches of players 17 years and older|
The Youth and Senior streams are in effect up to and including Level 3, while the Children's stream is in effect up to and including Level 2. In order to enter the Coaching Program, each coach must choose a stream based on the age of the players with which he/she works. A coach working with 14-year-old players, for instance, would take the Level 1 Youth course and upon completion of the Practical and Theory components would be certified as a level 1 Youth Coach. That same coach would then proceed to Level 2 Youth and so on up to Level 3. A coach may remain in a particular coaching stream for as long as he/she is working with players within that particular age group. If, however, the coach decides to work with children or senior players he/she should work through the appropriate coaching stream beginning at Level 1 in order to gain full certification as a Children's or Senior Coach.
Those with a strong background in soccer, who have performed at the elite level (i.e. National Team, Provincial Team, Professional, semi-professional and Division 1 Senior Amateur Provincial League) may apply for exemption from Level 1 and Level 2 Technical/Practical and may enter the program at Level 3 as part of the elite stream. Coaches accepted into the elite stream must complete the Level 1-3 Theory components before entry into the 'C' Licence course will be permitted. The CSA requires that coaches reach a minimum standard of competence in a practical coaching environment. Each coach is, therefore, formally assessed and graded by Staff Instructors as part of the course. This process begins with the Level 3 Practical course which is designated the 'C' Licence. The 'A' and 'B' Licence programs are designed for high performance coaches and cater to those wishing to make a career of coaching at the highest level.