Select Bibliography of Sir William Ford Coaker, the Fishermen's Protective Union (FPU), and the Port Union-Catalina area

by
Melvin Baker
(c)1998

Mel Baker melbaker@mun.ca. Last modified 2 January 2001.


Books by Sir William Ford Coaker

Coaker, W.F. The History of the Fishermen's Protective Union of Newfoundland from 1909-1919, containing the records of the Supreme Council since the Union's inception, and other matters of interest to members of this great organization. St. John's: Union Publishing Co., 1920.

-. Notes of a Trip to Brazil, 1925. St. John's: Union Publishing Co. Ltd.,1925.

-. Notes of a Trip to the West Indian Islands. St. John's: Union Publishing Co., 1922.

-. Past, Present and Future: Being a series of Lectures contributed to the Fishermen's Advocate, 1932. Port Union, Advocate Publishing Co. Ltd., 1932.

- Sketches of Jamaica. 1928.

-. Sir William Coaker reviews recent visit abroad. St. John's: Union Publishing Co., 1924.

- ed., Twenty Years of the Fishermen's Protective Union of Newfoundland .St. John's: Advocate Publishing Co. Ltd., 1930.

Publications specifically on Sir William Ford Coaker, the FPU, and Port Union

Anon. 'Sir William Ford Coaker, K.B.E., M.H.A.' Newfoundland Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 1 (July 1923), 18.

Anon. 'Who's Who in the fishing world: W.F. Coaker,' Canadian Fisherman, vol. 2, no. 12 (December 1915), 399.

Baker, Melvin. "J.R. Smallwood -- labour and socialist leader," in Newfoundland Quarterly vol. XCII1, no. 1 (Fall 1999), 23-8.

- and March, Peggy. 'Port Union Fire of 1945.' Newfoundland Quarterly vol. XCI, no. 2 (Summer/Fall 1997) 9-11.

Brym, Robert J. and Neis, Barbara. 'Regional Factors in the Formation of the Fishermen's Protective Union of Newfoundland.' In Robert J. Brym and R. James Sacouman, eds. Underdevelopment and Social Movements in Atlantic Canada (Toronto: New Hogtown Press, 1979), 203-18.

'Coaker: Years ahead of his time (1871-1938).' Decks Awash, vol. 8, no. 2 (April 1979), 35-8.

Coish, Calvin. 'Selling Coaker's Dream.' Atlantic Advocate, vol. 68 (September 1977), 37-9.

Crocker, Ron. 'William Coaker: Newfoundland's union hero.' Atlantic Insight, vol. 9, no. 4 (April 1987), 15-8.

Cuff, Robert, ed. A Coaker Anthology. St. John's 1986. The contents include: Robert Cuff, 'Introduction: The 'Noble Endeavour' of William Coaker' (1-2); Robert Cuff, 'A Brief History of the F.P.U.' (3-7); William Ford Coaker, 'The Founding of a Union' (9-16); Catherine F. Horan, 'Sir William Ford Coaker (1871-1938)' (17-28); R.W. Guy, 'Some Reflections on Coaker and his Union' (29-42); J.R. Smallwood, 'The F.P.U. and Its Organizer' (43-7); William Ford Coaker, 'The Bonavista Platform' (49-51); John Feltham, 'The Union in Politics (1908-1919)' (53-70); Gerald Panting, ''The People' in Politics' (71-8); Ian McDonald, 'The Coaker Regulations' (79-86); John Feltham, 'The Union Trading Company and the Commercial Activities of the F.P.U.' (87-101); and Melvin Baker, 'Port Union' (103-12).

Dolomount, G. Mark. 'William Coaker and the Fishermen's Protective Union.' In Maura Hanrahan, ed., Through a Mirror Dimly: Essays on Newfoundland Society and Culture. St. John's: Breakwater, 1993, 69-91.

Feltham, John.'Coaker's Union: Newfoundland's fishermen formed a union to fight for economic rights.' Horizon Canada, vol. 10, issue 113 (1987), 2702-07.

-. 'The Development of the FPU in Newfoundland, 1908-1923.' Unpublished M.A. thesis, Memorial University, 1959.

Guy, R.W. 'Coaker and his union. Part II.' Newfoundland Magazine, vol. 4, no. 3 (March 1982), 13-4.

-.'Coaker and his union: Part IV. Conclusion.' Newfoundland Magazine, vol. 4, no. 6 (June 1982), 18-9.

Hiller, James K. 'Social issues in early 20th century Newfoundland: A comparison of Wilfred Grenfell and William Coaker.' Newfoundland Quarterly vol. 89, no. 1 (Fall 1994), 27-31.

Long, Gene P. Suspended State: Newfoundland before Canada. St. John's: Breakwater, 1999.

-. 'William Coaker and the loss of Faith: Toward and Beyond Consensus in the Suspension of Newfoundland's self-government, 1925-1933' (M.A. thesis, Memorial University, 1992)

McDonald, Ian D.H.'The Reformer Coaker: A Brief Biography.' In Joseph R. Smallwood, ed., The Book of Newfoundland, vol. VI. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1975, 71-96.

-. 'To Each His Own': William Coaker and the Fishermen's Protective Union in Newfoundland Politics, 1908-1925. James Hiller, ed. St. John's: ISER, 1987.

-. 'W.F. Coaker and the Balance of Power Strategy: The Fishermen's Protective Union in Newfoundland Politics.' In James Hiller and Peter Neary, eds. Newfoundland in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Essays in Interpretation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980, 148-80.

-. 'W.F. Coaker and the Fishermen's Protective Union in Newfoundland Politics, 1908-1925.' Ph.D. thesis, University of London, 1971.

Neis, Barbara. 'A Sociological Analysis of the Factors responsible for the Regional Distribution of the FPU in Newfoundland.' M.A. thesis, Memorial University, 1980.

Noel, S.J.R. Politics in Newfoundland. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1971.

Panting, G 'The Fishermen's Protective Union of Newfoundland and the Farmers' Organizations in Western Canada.' Canadian Historical Association Report, 1963, 141-51.

Scammell, Arthur R. 'The six horse-power Coaker.' Rounder (August 1974), 9.

Smallwood, Joseph Roberts. Coaker of Newfoundland: the man who led the deep-sea fishermen to political power. London: Labour Publishing Company, 1927.

- Coaker of Newfoundland. Port Union, Advocate Press, 1998, reprint of 1927 edition. Contains a preface by Edward Roberts and an introductory essay by Melvin Baker.

-. A Sincere Appreciation of Newfoundland's greatest son: the most brilliant, original and romantic figure produced by Newfoundland is William Ford Coaker. St. John's, Advocate Publishing Co., ca 1920-27.

-. 'Union that owns Newfoundland (FPU and FUTC).' Nation, vol. 116 (January 10, 1923), 36-7.

Wood, Charles W. 'He's Sir William on $100 a month.' Collier's, vol. 74 (August 23, 1924), 14.

Publications containing general information on Sir William Ford Coaker, the Fishermen's Protective Union, and the Port Union/Catalina Area

Andrews, Gerald W. Heritage of a Newfoundland Outport: The Story of Port de Grave. St. John's: Jesperson Publishing, 1997.

Apostle, Richard, Barrett, Gene, Holm, Peter, Jentoft, Svein, Mazany, Leigh, McCay, Bonnie, and Mikalsen, Knut. Community, State, and Market on the North Atlantic Rim: Challenges to Modernity in the Fisheries. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Baker, Melvin."Hazen Algar Russell." Newfoundland Quarterly, vol. LXXXIX, no. 3 (Spring/Summer 1995) 35-7

-.'Rev. John Thomas Hiscock.' Newfoundland Quarterly vol. XCI, no. 2 (Summer/Fall 1997) 12.

- and Neary, Peter. "Sir Robert Bond (1857-1927): A Biographical Sketch," Newfoundland Studies 15, 1 (Spring 1999) 1-54.

- and Ryan, Shannon.'The Newfoundland Fishery Research Commission, 1930-1934.' In James E. Candow & Carol Corbin, eds. How Deep is the Ocean? Historical Essays on Canada's Atlantic Fishery. Sydney: University of Cape Breton Press and the Louisbourg Institute, 1997,161-73.

- and Pitt, Janet Miller. By Wise and Prudent Measures: The Development of Forestry on the Salmonier Line. St. John's: Department of Forest Resources and Agrifoods,1998.

-, Pitt, Robert D.W., and Pitt, Janet Miller. The Illustrated History of Newfoundland Light & Power. St. John's 1990.

Brown, Cassie. Death on the Ice. The Great Newfoundland Sealing Disaster of 1914. Toronto 1974.

Browne, William J. Memoirs of William J. Browne, P.C., Q.C., LL.D.. Vol. 1, Eighty-four Years a Newfoundlander. 1897-1949. St. John's 1981.

Bulgin, Harvey. From Out of the Past: The Newfoundland community of Summerford, New World Island ... its past, its present, its people. Grand Falls: printed by Robinson-Blackmore, 1981.

Button, Samuel D. They Survived by the Sweat of their Brows: The Story of Silver Fox Island, 1836-1961. Wareham, Newfoundland, The Author, 1982, revised 1999.

Candow, James E. '"Recurring Visitations of Pauperism": Change and Continuity in the Newfoundland Fishery.' In James E. Candow & Carol Corbin, eds. How Deep is the Ocean? Historical Essays on Canada's Atlantic Fishery. Sydney: University of Cape Breton Press and the Louisbourg Institute,141-60.

Carter, Walter. Never a Dull Moment. St. John's: Creative Publishers, 1998. References to FPU president Ken Brown.

Chafe, W.J. I've Been Working on the Railroad: Memoirs of a Railwayman, 1911-1962. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1987.

Cashin, Peter. My Life and Times: 1890-1919. Portugal Cove: Breakwater, 1976. Cashin's criticisms of the FPU's involvement in Newfoundland politics.

Chisholm, Jessie. 'Organizing on the Waterfront: The St. John's Longshoremen's Protective Union (LSPU), 1890-1914.' Labour, 26 (Fall 1990) 37-59.

Coish, Calvin. Distant Shores: Pages from Newfoundland's Past. Grand Falls-Windsor: Lifestyle Books, 1994.

Cole, Doug. Elliston: The Story of a Newfoundland Outport. Portugal Cove: ESPress, 1997.

Condon, Michael. The Fisheries and other Resources of Newfoundland. St. John's, 1925.

Cook, Clayton D. The Bonavista Peninsula -- of days gone by. St. John's: Jeff Blackwood & Associates, 1999.

Cramm, Frank, and Fizzard, Garfield. The Atlantic Edge: Living in Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John's: Breakwater, 1986.

Cranford, Gary. Not too long ago... Seniors tell their Stories. (St. John's: The Seniors Resource Centre, 1999).

-- and Janes, Ed. From Cod to Crab: Stories & History of Hant's Harbour. St. John's: Flanker Press, 1995.

Croke, Captain Michael J. Schooners, Skippers & Sharemen of St. Brendan's. St. John's: Jesperson Press, 1991.

Cuff, Robert H., Baker, Melvin, and Pitt, Robert D.W., eds. Dictionary of Newfoundland and Labrador Biography. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1990.

Digby, Margaret. Report on the Opportunities for Co-operative Organization in Newfoundland and Labrador. London: P.S. King and Son, Ltd., 1934.

Elliott, R.M. 'Newfoundland Politics in the 1920s: The Genesis and Significance of the Hollis Walker Enquiry.' In James Hiller and Peter Neary, eds. Newfoundland in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Essays in Interpretation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980, 181-204.

Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. 5 vols. Vols 1 (A-E) and 2 (Fac-Hoy), J.R. Smallwood, ed. St. John's 1981 and 1984. Vols. 3(Hu-M), 4(N-R), and 5(S-Z), Cyril F. Poole, editor in chief; Robert H. Cuff, managing editor. St. John's 1991, 1993 and 1994.

Feltham, John. The Islands of Bonavista Bay. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1986.

-. Setting Sail for Bonavista Bay. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1988. (re the loss of the "Gander Deal")

-. Tales from Bonavista Bay. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1987.

Forbes, E.R. "Newfoundland Politics in 1921: A Canadian View." Document with an introduction by Forbes Acadiensis, vol. IX, no. 1 (Autumn 1979), 95-103. Coaker's political influence is discussed.

Frank, David. 'Workers in Atlantic Canada.' In W.J.C. Cherwinski and Gregory S. Kealey, eds., Lectures in Canadian Labour and Working-Class History (St. John's: Committee on Canadian Labour History, 1985) 135-47.

Gillespie, Bill. A Class Act: An Illustrated History of the Labour Movement in Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John's: Creative Publishers, 1986.

-. 'A History of the Newfoundland Federation of Labour, 1936-1963.' Unpublished M.A. thesis, Memorial University, 1980.

Godfrey, Stuart R. Human Rights and Social Policy in Newfoundland, 1832-1982: Search for a Just Society. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1985.

Greenspond Come Home Year Committee. Dogfish and Apricots; A Treasury of Greenspond's Three Hundred Years, 1697-1997. Greenspond: The Committee, 1997.

Guy, Raymond. Memory is a Fickle Jade: A Collection of Historical Essays about Newfoundland and her People. St. John's: Creative Publishers, 1996.

Gwyn, Richard. Smallwood: The Unlikely Revolutionary. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1968.

Harris, Leslie. Newfoundland and Labrador: A Brief History. Toronto: J.M. Dent & Sons, 1968.

Hiller, James K. 'Newfoundland Confronts Canada, 1867-19149.' In E.R. Forbes and D. A. Muise, eds. The Atlantic Provinces in Confederation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993, 349-81.

-. The Politics of Newsprint: The Newfoundland Pulp and Paper Industry, 1915-1939.' Acadiensis, vol. 19, 2 (1990), 3-39.

Horwood, Harold. Newfoundland. Toronto: Macmillan, 1969.

-. Joey: The Life and Political times of Joey Smallwood. Toronto: Stoddard, 1989.

Inglis, Gordon. More Than Just a Union: The Story of the NFFAWU. St. John's: Jesperson Press, 1985.

Innis, H.A. The Cod Fisheries: The History of an International Economy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1954.

Kean, Abram. Old and Young Ahead. St. John's: Flanker Press, 2000. Reprint of 1935 edition with an introduction by Shannon Ryan.

Kesting, Mona Abbott, ed. Honest John: The Liberal from Bonavista - Writings and Speeches of John Abbott, M.H.A.. Burlington, Ont. Floramon Press,1996.

Lench, Charles. The Story of Methodism in Bonavista. St. John's" Harry Cuff Publications, 1985, reprint of 1919 edition.

Long, E. James. The Hard & the Aisey: A History of Open Hall, Red Cliff and Tickle Cove, Bonavista Bay. Portugal Cove: esp press, 1998. Contains information on local FPU councils.

Lovelace, Arthur Boorne. Memories of an Outport Son. The Author, 1990.

McBurney, Margaret, and Byers, Mary. True Newfoundlanders: Early Homes and Families of Newfoundland and Labrador (Toronto: Boston Mills Press, 1997)

McDonald, Ian. ETV Lectures History 3120: Newfoundland since 1815. St. John's: Memorial University, ca1977.

McInnis, Peter. 'All Solid along the Line: The Reid Newfoundland Strike of 1918.'Labour, 26 (Fall 1990) 61-84.

Matthews, Keith, Kearley, Edwin R., and Dwyer, Paul J. Our Newfoundland and Labrador Cultural Heritage/Part Two. Scarborough: Prentice-Hall,1982.

Neary, Peter. Newfoundland in the North Atlantic World: 1929-1949. Kingston and Montreal 1988.

-. Ed. The Political Economy of Newfoundland, 1929-1972. Toronto: Copp Clark, 1973.

- and Patrick O'Flaherty. Part of the Main: An Illustrated History of Newfoundland & Labrador. St. John's: Breakwater, 1983.

O'Flaherty, Patrick. Come Near at your Peril: A Visitor's Guide to the Island of Newfoundland. St. John's: Long Beach Press, 1998.

-. '"Holding the Baby": Parliamentary Responses in Britain and Newfoundland to the Crisis of 1931.' Newfoundland Quarterly, vol. XCI, no. 2 (Summer/Fall 1997) 23-32.

Ommer, Rosemary E. 'One Hundred Years of Fishery Crises in Newfoundland.' Acadiensis, vol. 23, 2 (Spring 1994) 5-20.

-"What's Wrong with Canadian Fish?" In Peter R. Sinclair, ed. A Question of Survival: The Fisheries and Newfoundland Society. St. John's: ISER, 1988, 23-44.

Overton, James. 'Economic Crisis and the End of Democracy: Politics in Newfoundland During the Great Depression.' Labour, 26 (Fall 1990) 85-124.

Parsons, Robert. Raging Winds and Roaring Sea. St. John's: Creative Publishers, 2000.

-. Survive the Salvage Sea: Tales from our Ocean Heritage. St. John's: Creative Publishers, 1998.

Penney, Arthur E. Nestled between the Hills: A History of Cannings Cove. St. John's: Jesperson Press, 1991.

Pickett, Patrick. A History: Town of Fogo, Newfoundland. Upper Sackville, Nova Scotia: The Author, 1997.

Roberts, Harry D. with Michael Nowlan. The Newfoundland Fish Boxes: A Chronicle of the Fishery. Fredericton: Brunswick Press, 1982.

Rodgers, Gordon. A Settlement of Memory: A Novel. St. John's: Killick Press, 1999.

Rothney, Gordon O. Canada In One World. Toronto: The House of Grant, 1966.

Russell, Captain John. Memories of a Lifetime. Portugal Cove; ESP Press, 1997.

Ryan, Shannon. The Ice Hunters: A History of Newfoundland Sealing to 1914. St. John's: Breakwater, 1994.

- assisted by Martha Drake. Seals and Sealers: A Pictorial History of the Newfoundland Fishery. St. John's: Breakwater,1987.

Samuelson, Karl. Fourteen Men who figured prominently in the story of Newfoundland and Labrador. St. John's: Robinson-Blackmore, 1984.

Smallwood, Joseph Roberts. I Chose Canada. Toronto: MacMillan, 1975.

-. Newfoundland Miscellany. St. John's: Newfoundland Book Publishers, 1978.

-. 'What is Liberalism?' Newfoundland Studies vol. 11, no. 1 (Spring 1995), 75-126. Edited by Melvin Baker and James Overton..

Snell, James G. 'The Newfoundland Old Age Pension Programme, 1911-1949.' Acadiensis, vol. XXIII, no. 1 (Autumn 1993), 86-109.

Sparkes, Stanley. Glovertown in Pictures, Number 2. Glovertown: Glovertown Literary Creations, 1987.

Standford, Joshua. Fifty Years of My Life. Ilframcombe, Devon: A.H. Stockwell, ca1952.

Strong, Cyril W. My Life as a Newfoundland Union Organizer: The Memoirs of Cyril W. Strong, 1912-1987. Edited by Gregory S. Kealey. St. John's: Committee on Canadian Labour History, 1987.

Summers, Valerie. Regime Change in a Resource Economy: The Politics of Underdevelopment in Newfoundland since 1825. St. John's: Breakwater, 1994.

Sutherland, Duff. 'Newfoundland Loggers Respond to the Great Depression.' Labour, 29 (Spring 1992) 83-115.

Sweeney, Robert C.H. 'The Social Trap: Technological Change and the Newfoundland Inshore Fishery.' In Daniel Vickers, ed., Marine Resources and Human Societies in the North Atlantic Since 1500. ISER Conference Paper Number 5. St. John's: ISER, 1997, pp. 297-309.

Woodrow, Helen and Ennis, Francis, eds. Sea People: Changing Lives and Times in the Newfoundland and Labrador Fisheries. St. John's: Harrish Press, 1999.

Miscellaneous

Bill, Roger. 'Coaker: transcript of the radio documentary produced by CBC Newfoundland and Labrador, Spring 1996 ' (typescript in Centre for Newfoundland Studies, Memorial University).

Bouzane, Lillian. 'The Coaker Fishery Regulations: an idea in search of its term.' Undergraduate term paper, Memorial University, 1974. Call number at CNS, Memorial University is Sh 327 N4 B6 1974.

Burt, Earl. 'Archbishop Howley sounds an alarm: the interpretation and application of papal social teachings to unions in Newfoundland, 1905-1912.' Honours Dissertation, Memorial University, 1988.

Butler, Maxwell. 'Sir William F. Coaker; union organizer, politician, and businessman.' History 3121 paper, Memorial University, 1971.

Clarke, Jason. 'Government Corruption and Timber Speculation in Newfoundland, 1909-1912.' History 6201 Paper, Department of History, Memorial University, April, 1998.

Colbourne, Shawn. 'William f. Coaker and Fishermen's Protective Union, 1908-1932.' History 4231 Paper, Memorial University, 1982.

Dutton, John J. et al. 'A Study of the Port Union power station.' St. John's: Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University, 1980.

Feltham, John. 'Sir William Coaker and the Political Activities of the FPU' (talk given to the Newfoundland Historical Society, February 7, 1968).

Hattenhauer, Rolf. The History of the Labour Movement in Newfoundland. Unpublished manuscript, Memorial University, 1983.

Hong, Robert. 'The Fishermen's Protective Union and the Sealers' and Loggers' Bill.' (Student History Paper, Memorial University, 1985).

Nash, Guy. 'The Hon. Sir William Coaker, Minister of Marine and Fisheries: an histoico-geographical sketch of his contributions to Newfoundland's marine industries.' Undergraduate term paper, Memorial University, 1979, call number at CNS, Memorial University is FF 1033.9 C6 N3

Pretty, Nick. 'Cod Created Unions'. History 4231 Paper, Memorial University, 1994.


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